Diwali | Deepawali
Diwali | Deepawali
Family celebrating after Lakshmi-Ganesh Puja
Diwali Origin and SignificanceDiwali is historically a Hindu religion festival having its origin in the Era of Lord Rama or probably even before that at the time of churning of milky ocean when Goddess Lakshmi came out as the boon to the Gods and whole humanity.
Hinduism, being the oldest religion whose history goes back to thousands of years, it is not surprising that numerous legends are associated with Diwali. However all of them signify the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil and hope over despair.
Diwali Deity(s)Various deities are worshipped and appeased during five days Diwali festivity. However Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Lord Kuber are the most prominent names which come to the mind when Diwali Puja is mentioned.
Lord Yamraj, God Dhanvantari, God Hanuman, Goddess Kali, Goddess Saraswati, Lord Krishna and Demon King Bali are other prominent deities who are worshipped during Diwali.
Diwali Date and TimeAs per Amanta Hindu Calendar, five days Diwali festivity spans over two months.
Diwali begins - Krishna Paksha Trayodashi (28th day) of Ashwin (7th month)
Diwali ends - Shukla Paksha Dwitiya (2nd day) of Kartik (8th month)
As per Purnimanta Calendar
Diwali begins - Krishna Paksha Trayodashi (13th day) of Kartik (8th month)
Diwali ends - Shukla Paksha Dwitiya (17th day) of Kartik (8th month)
Diwali is celebrated as per luni-solar based Hindu calendar, its date(s) varies on Gregorian calendar and usually falls in mid-October and mid-November. Diwali Calendar lists all five days of Diwali festivities for 1000 years.
Diwali Festivals List
- Day 1 - Dhantrayodashi
- Day 2 - Narak Chaturdashi
- Day 3 - Lakshmi Puja
- Day 4 - Govardhan Puja
- Day 5 - Bhaiya Dooj
Diwali ObservanceNumerous rituals are followed during Diwali. These rituals vary from state to state and within a state region to region. However,
- cleaning and decorating homes usually by giving new whitewash or fresh paints,
- buying new clothes and jewelry,
- buying new household items either big or small,
- preparing traditional home-made sweets,
- worshipping numerous deities,
- lighting Diya(s) and decorating home with blinking electric lamps,
- bursting firecrackers,
- trying Diwali remedies to gain wealth,
- visiting relatives and family friends,
- distributing sweets, dry-fruits and gifts,
- calling distant family members, relatives and friends to exchange Diwali wishes are the most common activities during Diwali.
Diwali Regional VarianceDiwali celebrations are more extravagant in north Indian states. In South India like Holi, Diwali is a not as spectacular as that of North India. If one wants to enjoy spectacular fire-work at night then Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai are the most suitable metros to be in during Diwali.
Diwali celebrations are moderate in Chennai and Kolkata. In Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Narak Chaturdashi is more significant than Lakshmi Puja and in Kolkata, West Bengal, devotees worship Goddess Kali rather than Goddess Lakshmi on the third day of Diwali.
Diwali Public LifeMost of the public places function as normal during Diwali. On the eve of Diwali most restaurants, pubs, metro trains, buses, taxies, cinema halls and shops, emergency and critical services at hospitals function as normal. However, at most commercial places more than half of the staff would be on leave.
As most businessmen perform Chopda Puja and Lakshmi Puja on the day of Diwali, most shops and private offices are open due to this reason. Stock Exchanges in India, although being closed due to Diwali holiday, are opened only for an hour for Muhurat trading in the evening. Muhurat trading is a symbolic ritual which is considered auspicious among traders and getting performed for years now.
For most big and small businesses Diwali, like Christmas in western countries, is the peak season when maximum sales are record. Many Bollywood blockbusters are planned and released during Diwali.
However Diwali, being marked as Gazette Holidays, all government offices and closed. Most schools and colleges are closed during Diwali.
In recently years, in most metros, time limit has been imposed for displaying and bursting the firework to curtail the noise pollution and for those who want to sleep peacefully on the night of Diwali. At most places either 10 p.m. or 11 p.m. time limit is imposed for bursting the firework.
Diwali in other ReligionsDiwali is historically a Hindu religion festival having its origin in the Era of Lord Rama or probably even before that. However, Diwali is also celebrated in Sikhism and Jainism but for separate reasons. Sikh celebrates Diwali as Bandi Chhor Divas and Jain celebrates it as a day to commemorate Mahavir.
Diwali Similar Festivals
Other links related to Diwali
- Diwali Puja Calendar list of 5 days diwali festivity
- Lakshmi Ganesha Yantra full size Yantra wallpaper for Diwali Puja
- Dhanteras Puja Lakshmi Puja with God Kubera
- Lakshmi Puja Vidhi 16 steps Lakshmi Puja during Diwali
- Kuber Puja Vidhi Kuber Puja during Diwali
- Diwali Puja Vidhi detailed Deepavali Puja vidhi
- Diwali Greetings e-greetings and e-cards for Deepawali
- Diwali Rangolis beautiful designs for Deepawali
- Lakshmi Puja Samagri puja samagri used in Lakshmi Pujan
- Diwali Wallpapers full size HD Lakshmi Ganesha images
- Lakshmi Ganesha Mantras list of Mantras for Lakshmi Ganesha Puja
- Diwali Solar Eclipse Lakshmi Puja during Surya Grahan
- Diwali Remedies remedies to gain wealth during Diwali
- Lakshmi Puja Goddess Lakshmi Puja during Diwali
- 108 Lakshmi Names Lakshmi 108 names with video
- 1000 Lakshmi Names Sahasranamavali of Goddess Lakshmi
- Lakshmi Aarti lyrics of Om Jai Lakshmi Mata
- Lakshmi Chalisa 40 verse prayer of Goddess Lakshmi
- Shree Suktam stotram of Goddess Lakshmi
- Mahalakshmi Mantra list of Goddess Mahalakshmi Mantra
- Lakshmi Pada Rangolis beautiful Lakshmi Pada designs for Deepawali
- Lakshmi Hridaya Rangolis Hridaya Kamala Rangoli designs for Lakshmi Puja